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Articles Informational Topics

How Do Solar Panels Work–An Informative Article For You

How do solar panels work, let’s find out.

Well, solar panels, also called PV panels, are a kind of invention that absorb the sun’s rays and convert them into heat and electricity consumed by the desired users.

how do solar panels work

Solar panels are best used for places and areas where it is very difficult to supply electricity, and just installing these PV panels can act as a quick solution.

Solar panels are easy to install, but they can be very expensive to purchase in the first place, and maintenance can be pretty costly. How do they work? You’ll find out in this article.

And not just that, but they also have to be cleaned from time to time to ensure the dirt and dust build-up doesn’t affect the effectiveness of the solar panel system since sunlight has to be absorbed by the solar cells to produce electricity.

You could clean up at home or contact a professional to do the work for you.

How Do Solar Panels Work?

The term ‘solar panels’ might sound complicated, but it is not complex. The main component is the sun and the solar cells on which the sun’s rays work.

The solar cells work as a form of the base on which the rays act, where all the energy changes take place.

The sun’s rays, which are absorbed by the solar cells, form these electrically charged particles. What happens, then?

Well, those now charged particles interact with the electromagnetic field that is already there inside the PV panels and cause the energy to be changed to electrical energy. Electricity moves all around the solar panels.

How Are Solar Panels Put Together?

There are a lot of steps that go into putting together PV panels. To begin it all with, first, the workers who will be installing the solar panel system have to build a temporary building to reach the roof.

The roof is the best location to place your solar panels if the location is your house because the sun shines directly onto the roof, and that way, the solar panels would absorb maximum sunlight.

After that, there needs to be a structure on which the panels need to be put, so a sort of mount is put up, and it must be at a slanting angle of between 18 to 36 degrees. Then, the solar panels are installed, following all the wiring procedures and the rest.

How Do They Work?

Solar panels are designed from solar cells, also known as photovoltaic cells. The solar panel system is built when many of these photovoltaic cells are put together.

The technical terminology can be a bit difficult to grasp at first, but with some time studying solar panels, it could be easier.

The main function of the solar panel is to generate electricity. One of the main materials to make a solar panel is silicon, also made from scratch.

There are three layers in the solar panel. These cells, called photovoltaic, are in the middle of the three layers, while a layer rests atop it and one beneath it. Both of these layers are silicon.

Since each layer has a different magnetic property from the other layers, a photovoltaic effect is initiated when the sun’s light charges the particles, and electricity flows through the system.

To summarize the working process, here is a short analysis. The technical terminology can be a bit difficult for some people to understand. In simpler, easy words, solar panels are like a magnet.

The cells in the panels absorb the light in the form of rays from the sun, and then there is a current generated by those cells.

To supply your house with electricity, that electric energy generated by the cells is converted, and current flows throughout the network system. To know about the electricity running through the system, a meter reads the numbers.

Safety Precautions For Solar Panels:

Solar panels are not very dangerous at first look, but there are certain safety measures that you should take. It would help if you were cautious around solar panels, whether situated on the roof or elsewhere.

To ensure your safety, you shouldn’t touch any of the wiring or other parts of the solar system. Touching wires and other dangerous solar panel elements is extremely dangerous.

You should not be walking on solar panels as it could cause injury if you slip. You should contact a professional if you think something is wrong with the solar panel system or if it is not working properly.

Suppose there is any smell around the solar panels. In that case, you should immediately contact a professional and get away from it, as there might be toxic elements from the solar panel system.

Maintenance Of Solar Panels:

Solar panels are costly to purchase in the first place. Over time, their performance might be affected due to dirt and debris or other more technical problems.

Maintenance for solar panels typically depends on how large the system is, the type of model and brand you use, and the wattage it holds.

Apart from this, you also have to hire labor roughly costing around 100 dollars per hour or somewhere close to that.

For the solar system’s efficiency, one major thing to make sure of is that dirt and particles are not blocking the sun’s rays from being absorbed into the solar cells. The working of solar panels also depends on how clean your panels are.

Overall, it is recommended to clean your solar panels twice a year to ensure that dirt accumulation doesn’t cause any damage to the solar panels or that the sun’s rays are difficult to absorb by the solar panel cells.

For a good and effective cleaning, water is all you need. Just use a hose and spray the panels with pure, distilled water to wash away any dirt or debris. If there are any twigs, you can pick them up.

What do birds find so attractive about solar panels? It is the reflective and shiny surface of the panels which attracts the birds to it.

In case of birds nesting underneath the panels, you should contact a professional and get the birds relocated elsewhere since birds could damage the solar panels, but make sure that while the birds are being removed from under the solar panels, they aren’t being harmed.

What Are Some Factors On Which The Working Of Solar Panels Depends?

Solar panels are a renewable energy source with certain conditions on which it works. The environment is a major factor since electricity generation depends on the sun’s rays.

Solar panels convert light energy from the sun to electricity supplied to remote areas, businesses, homes, etc.

Solar systems don’t work the same way if solar panels are installed in places where it is mostly cloudy and foggy or in case of rains and winters when nighttime appears more quickly.

Space is also needed in large amounts for the solar system, as there are huge amounts on which the panels are fixed, and in most cases, such as houses, roofs would be used for their set-up.

Here Are Some Pros and Cons Of Solar Panels Mentioned:


  • The electricity bills would be decreased
  • A good investment in the longer run
  • Last up to 25 to 30 years
  • Renewable source of energy


  • It can be costly to maintain or repair damages
  • Expensive to purchase in the first place


How do solar panels work? Solar panels working is not very complex, but the technical terminology can make it difficult to understand. This article explains the working of solar panels in simple words and with technical jargon. However, that is also not very difficult to understand. To sum it up, the sun’s rays are absorbed by the photovoltaic cells of the panels, and they change light energy to electrical energy.

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About the author

Anthony Miller

Hello Guys! I am Anthony Miller, a high dynamo, communicative author, and editor of the Renewable Cop, always providing amazing, engaging, informative, unique, highly researched, and verified content based on all sorts of generators. Read more.

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